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  1. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic demands reliable prognostic models for estimating the risk of long COVID. We developed and validated a prediction model to estimate the probability of known com...

    Authors: Manja Deforth, Caroline E. Gebhard, Susan Bengs, Philipp K. Buehler, Reto A. Schuepbach, Annelies S. Zinkernagel, Silvio D. Brugger, Claudio T. Acevedo, Dimitri Patriki, Benedikt Wiggli, Raphael Twerenbold, Gabriela M. Kuster, Hans Pargger, Joerg C. Schefold, Thibaud Spinetti, Pedro D. Wendel-Garcia…
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2022 6:22
  2. Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness characterized by recurrent psychoses that typically waxes and wanes through its prodromal, acute, and chronic phases. A large amount of research on individual prognosti...

    Authors: Akira Sato, Norio Watanabe, Kazushi Maruo, Toshihiro Moriyama and Toshi A. Furukawa
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2022 6:20
  3. The incidence and mortality of liver cancer have been increasing in the UK in recent years. However, liver cancer is still under-studied. The Early Detection of Hepatocellular Liver Cancer (DeLIVER-QResearch) ...

    Authors: Weiqi Liao, Peter Jepsen, Carol Coupland, Hamish Innes, Philippa C. Matthews, Cori Campbell, Eleanor Barnes and Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2022 6:21
  4. Rectal cancer has a high prevalence. The standard of care for management of localised disease involves major surgery and/or chemoradiotherapy, but these modalities are sometimes associated with mortality and m...

    Authors: Margarita Karageorgou, David M. Hughes, Arthur Sun Myint, D. Mark Pritchard and Laura J. Bonnett
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2022 6:19
  5. The Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Diagnostic Test Accuracy (DTA) provides guidance on important aspects of conducting a test accuracy systematic review. In this paper we present TOMAS-R (Template...

    Authors: Sue Mallett, Jacqueline Dinnes, Yemisi Takwoingi and Lavinia Ferrante de Ruffano
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2022 6:18
  6. The severity of SARS-CoV-2 infection varies from asymptomatic state to severe respiratory failure and the clinical course is difficult to predict. The aim of the study was to develop a prognostic model to pred...

    Authors: Elias Eythorsson, Valgerdur Bjarnadottir, Hrafnhildur Linnet Runolfsdottir, Dadi Helgason, Ragnar Freyr Ingvarsson, Helgi K. Bjornsson, Lovisa Bjork Olafsdottir, Solveig Bjarnadottir, Arnar Snaer Agustsson, Kristin Oskarsdottir, Hrafn Hliddal Thorvaldsson, Gudrun Kristjansdottir, Aron Hjalti Bjornsson, Arna R. Emilsdottir, Brynja Armannsdottir, Olafur Gudlaugsson…
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2022 6:17
  7. There is increasing evidence supporting the use of faecal immunochemical tests (FIT) in patients reporting symptoms associated with colorectal cancer (CRC), but most studies until now have focused on selected ...

    Authors: Anna Lööv, Cecilia Högberg, Mikael Lilja, Elvar Theodorsson, Per Hellström, Alexandra Metsini and Louise Olsson
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2022 6:16
  8. Anal cancer is a rare cancer with rising incidence. Despite the relatively good outcomes conferred by state-of-the-art chemoradiotherapy, further improving disease control and reducing toxicity has proven chal...

    Authors: Stelios Theophanous, Per-Ivar Lønne, Ananya Choudhury, Maaike Berbee, Andre Dekker, Kristopher Dennis, Alice Dewdney, Maria Antonietta Gambacorta, Alexandra Gilbert, Marianne Grønlie Guren, Lois Holloway, Rashmi Jadon, Rohit Kochhar, Ahmed Allam Mohamed, Rebecca Muirhead, Oriol Parés…
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2022 6:14
  9. With the rise of artificial intelligence (AI) in ophthalmology, the need to define its diagnostic accuracy is increasingly important. The review aims to elucidate the diagnostic accuracy of AI algorithms in sc...

    Authors: Jessica Cao, Brittany Chang-Kit, Glen Katsnelson, Parsa Merhraban Far, Elizabeth Uleryk, Adeteju Ogunbameru, Rafael N. Miranda and Tina Felfeli
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2022 6:15
  10. Prognostic models are used widely in the oncology domain to guide medical decision-making. Little is known about the risk of bias of prognostic models developed using machine learning and the barriers to their...

    Authors: Paula Dhiman, Jie Ma, Constanza L. Andaur Navarro, Benjamin Speich, Garrett Bullock, Johanna A. A. Damen, Lotty Hooft, Shona Kirtley, Richard D. Riley, Ben Van Calster, Karel G. M. Moons and Gary S. Collins
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2022 6:13
  11. Evaluating the accuracy of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (TB) tests is challenging due to lack of a gold standard. Latent class analysis (LCA), a statistical modeling approach, can adjust for reference tests’ im...

    Authors: Emily L. MacLean, Mikashmi Kohli, Lisa Köppel, Ian Schiller, Surendra K. Sharma, Madhukar Pai, Claudia M. Denkinger and Nandini Dendukuri
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2022 6:11
  12. There is substantial interest in the adaptation and application of so-called machine learning approaches to prognostic modelling of censored time-to-event data. These methods must be compared and evaluated aga...

    Authors: Hayley Smith, Michael Sweeting, Tim Morris and Michael J. Crowther
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2022 6:10
  13. Clinical prediction models/scores help clinicians make optimal evidence-based decisions when caring for their patients. To critically appraise such prediction models for use in a clinical setting, essential in...

    Authors: Kasim E. Abdulaziz, Jeffrey J. Perry, Krishan Yadav, Dar Dowlatshahi, Ian G. Stiell, George A. Wells and Monica Taljaard
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2022 6:9
  14. Prediction modeling studies often have methodological limitations, which may compromise model performance in new patients and settings. We aimed to examine the relation between methodological quality of model ...

    Authors: Isabel R. A. Retel Helmrich, Ana Mikolić, David M. Kent, Hester F. Lingsma, Laure Wynants, Ewout W. Steyerberg and David van Klaveren
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2022 6:8
  15. In response to the global COVID-19 pandemic, many in vitro diagnostic (IVD) tests for SARS-CoV-2 have been developed. Given the urgent clinical demand, researchers must balance the desire for precise estimates...

    Authors: Camilla Sammut-Powell, Charles Reynard, Joy Allen, John McDermott, Julian Braybrook, Rosa Parisi, Daniel Lasserson and Richard Body
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2022 6:12
  16. When a predictor variable is measured in similar ways at the derivation and validation setting of a prognostic prediction model, yet both differ from the intended use of the model in practice (i.e., “predictor...

    Authors: Kim Luijken, Jia Song and Rolf H. H. Groenwold
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2022 6:7
  17. With rising cost pressures on health care systems, machine-learning (ML)-based algorithms are increasingly used to predict health care costs. Despite their potential advantages, the successful implementation o...

    Authors: Andrew W. Huang, Martin Haslberger, Neto Coulibaly, Omar Galárraga, Arman Oganisian, Lazaros Belbasis and Orestis A. Panagiotou
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2022 6:4
  18. In diagnostic evaluation, it is necessary to assess the clinical impact of a new diagnostic as well as its diagnostic accuracy. The comparative interrupted time series design has been proposed as a quasi-exper...

    Authors: Thomas R. Fanshawe, Philip J. Turner, Marjorie M. Gillespie and Gail N. Hayward
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2022 6:3
  19. Obtaining accurate estimates of the risk of COVID-19-related death in the general population is challenging in the context of changing levels of circulating infection.

    Authors: Elizabeth J. Williamson, John Tazare, Krishnan Bhaskaran, Helen I. McDonald, Alex J. Walker, Laurie Tomlinson, Kevin Wing, Sebastian Bacon, Chris Bates, Helen J. Curtis, Harriet J. Forbes, Caroline Minassian, Caroline E. Morton, Emily Nightingale, Amir Mehrkar, David Evans…
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2022 6:6
  20. Diagnosing ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in an intensive care unit (ICU) is a complex process. Our aim was to collect, evaluate and represent the information relating to current clinical practice for t...

    Authors: W. S. Jones, J. Suklan, A. Winter, K. Green, T. Craven, A. Bruce, J. Mair, K. Dhaliwal, T. Walsh, A. J. Simpson, S. Graziadio and A. J. Allen
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2022 6:5
  21. Assessing calibration—the agreement between estimated risk and observed proportions—is an important component of deriving and validating clinical prediction models. Methods for assessing the calibration of pro...

    Authors: Peter C. Austin, Hein Putter, Daniele Giardiello and David van Klaveren
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2022 6:2
  22. Clinical prediction models are developed widely across medical disciplines. When predictors in such models are highly collinear, unexpected or spurious predictor-outcome associations may occur, thereby potenti...

    Authors: Artuur M. Leeuwenberg, Maarten van Smeden, Johannes A. Langendijk, Arjen van der Schaaf, Murielle E. Mauer, Karel G. M. Moons, Johannes B. Reitsma and Ewoud Schuit
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2022 6:1
  23. Using two large datasets from Dorset, we previously reported an internally validated multivariable risk model for predicting the risk of GI malignancy in IDA—the IDIOM score. The aim of this retrospective obse...

    Authors: Orouba Almilaji, Gwilym Webb, Alec Maynard, Thomas P. Chapman, Brian S. F. Shine, Antony J. Ellis, John Hebden, Sharon Docherty, Elizabeth J. Williams and Jonathon Snook
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2021 5:23
  24. NG (nasogastric) tubes are used worldwide as a means to provide enteral nutrition. Testing the pH of tube aspirates prior to feeding is commonly used to verify tube location before feeding or medication. A pH ...

    Authors: Melody Ni, Mina E. Adam, Fatima Akbar, Jeremy R. Huddy, Simone Borsci, Peter Buckle, Francesca Rubulotta, Reuben Carr, Ian Fotheringham, Claire Wilson, Matthew Tsang, Susan Harding, Nichola White and George B. Hanna
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2021 5:22
  25. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a well-established complication in people with diabetes mellitus. Roughly one quarter of prevalent patients with diabetes exhibit a CKD stage of 3 or higher and the individual c...

    Authors: Mariella Gregorich, Andreas Heinzel, Michael Kammer, Heike Meiselbach, Carsten Böger, Kai-Uwe Eckardt, Gert Mayer, Georg Heinze and Rainer Oberbauer
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2021 5:19
  26. Demand for both the ambulance service and the emergency department (ED) is rising every year and when this demand is excessive in both systems, ambulance crews queue at the ED waiting to hand patients over. So...

    Authors: Jamie Miles, Richard Jacques, Janette Turner and Suzanne Mason
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2021 5:18
  27. Prognosis for the occurrence of relapses in individuals with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), the most common subtype of multiple sclerosis (MS), could support individualized decisions and diseas...

    Authors: Konstantina Chalkou, Ewout Steyerberg, Patrick Bossuyt, Suvitha Subramaniam, Pascal Benkert, Jens Kuhle, Giulio Disanto, Ludwig Kappos, Chiara Zecca, Matthias Egger and Georgia Salanti
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2021 5:17
  28. Patients presenting with chest pain represent a large proportion of attendances to emergency departments. In these patients clinicians often consider the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), the tim...

    Authors: Charles Reynard, Glen P. Martin, Evangelos Kontopantelis, David A. Jenkins, Anthony Heagerty, Brian McMillan, Anisa Jafar, Rajendar Garlapati and Richard Body
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2021 5:16
  29. Superficial venous thrombosis (SVT) is considered a benign thrombotic condition in most patients. However, it also can cause serious complications, such as clot progression to deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and ...

    Authors: F. S. van Royen, M. van Smeden, K. G. M. Moons, F. H. Rutten and G. J. Geersing
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2021 5:15
  30. The United Kingdom Myeloma Research Alliance (UK-MRA) Myeloma Risk Profile is a prognostic model for overall survival. It was trained and tested on clinical trial data, aiming to improve the stratification of ...

    Authors: Kara-Louise Royle and David A. Cairns
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2021 5:14
  31. Incremental value (IncV) evaluates the performance change between an existing risk model and a new model. Different IncV metrics do not always agree with each other. For example, compared with a prescribed-dos...

    Authors: Qian M. Zhou, Lu Zhe, Russell J. Brooke, Melissa M. Hudson and Yan Yuan
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2021 5:13
  32. Most patients who present with depression are treated in primary care by general practitioners (GPs). Relapse of depression is common (at least 50% of patients treated for depression will relapse after a singl...

    Authors: Andrew S. Moriarty, Lewis W. Paton, Kym I. E. Snell, Richard D. Riley, Joshua E. J. Buckman, Simon Gilbody, Carolyn A. Chew-Graham, Shehzad Ali, Stephen Pilling, Nick Meader, Bob Phillips, Peter A. Coventry, Jaime Delgadillo, David A. Richards, Chris Salisbury and Dean McMillan
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2021 5:12
  33. Rapid treatment of stroke improves outcomes, but accurate early recognition can be challenging. Between 20 and 40% of patients suspected to have stroke by ambulance and emergency department staff later receive...

    Authors: Lisa Shaw, Sara Graziadio, Clare Lendrem, Nicholas Dale, Gary A. Ford, Christine Roffe, Craig J. Smith, Philip M. White and Christopher I. Price
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2021 5:11
  34. Invasive urodynamics is used to investigate the causes of lower urinary tract symptoms; a procedure usually conducted in secondary care by specialist practitioners. No study has yet investigated the feasibilit...

    Authors: Sarah Milosevic, Natalie Joseph-Williams, Bethan Pell, Elizabeth Cain, Robyn Hackett, Ffion Murdoch, Haroon Ahmed, A. Joy Allen, Alison Bray, Samantha Clarke, Marcus J. Drake, Michael Drinnan, Kerenza Hood, Tom Schatzberger, Yemisi Takwoingi, Emma Thomas-Jones…
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2021 5:10
  35. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Ross Bicknell, Wen Kwang Lim, Andrea B. Maier and Dina LoGiudice
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2021 5:9

    The original article was published in Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2020 4:17

  36. We suggest an adaptive sample size calculation method for developing clinical prediction models, in which model performance is monitored sequentially as new data comes in.

    Authors: Evangelia Christodoulou, Maarten van Smeden, Michael Edlinger, Dirk Timmerman, Maria Wanitschek, Ewout W. Steyerberg and Ben Van Calster
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2021 5:6
  37. Pregnancy offers a unique opportunity to identify women at higher future risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). In pregnancy, a woman has greater engagement with the healthcare system, and certain conditions a...

    Authors: Stephanie H. Read, Laura C. Rosella, Howard Berger, Denice S. Feig, Karen Fleming, Padma Kaul, Joel G. Ray, Baiju R. Shah and Lorraine L. Lipscombe
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2021 5:5
  38. The aim of RApid community Point-of-care Testing fOR COVID-19 (RAPTOR-C19) is to assess the diagnostic accuracy of multiple current and emerging point-of-care tests (POCTs) for active and past SARS-CoV2 infect...

    Authors: Brian D. Nicholson, Gail Hayward, Philip J. Turner, Joseph J. Lee, Alexandra Deeks, Mary Logan, Abigail Moore, Anna Seeley, Thomas Fanshawe, Jason Oke, Constantinos Koshiaris, James P. Sheppard, Uy Hoang, Vaishnavi Parimalanathan, George Edwards, Harshana Liyange…
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2021 5:4
  39. The methods with which prediction models are usually developed mean that neither the parameters nor the predictions should be interpreted causally. For many applications, this is perfectly acceptable. However,...

    Authors: Lijing Lin, Matthew Sperrin, David A. Jenkins, Glen P. Martin and Niels Peek
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2021 5:3
  40. In vitro fertilisation (IVF) comprises a sequence of interventions concerned with the creation and culture of embryos which are then transferred to the patient’s uterus. While the clinically important endpoint...

    Authors: Jack Wilkinson, Andy Vail and Stephen A. Roberts
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2021 5:2
  41. Clinical prediction models (CPMs) have become fundamental for risk stratification across healthcare. The CPM pipeline (development, validation, deployment, and impact assessment) is commonly viewed as a one-ti...

    Authors: David A. Jenkins, Glen P. Martin, Matthew Sperrin, Richard D. Riley, Thomas P. A. Debray, Gary S. Collins and Niels Peek
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2021 5:1
  42. Despite advances in the care of women and their babies in the past century, an estimated 1.7 million babies are born still each year throughout the world. A robust method to estimate a pregnant woman’s individ...

    Authors: Jessica K. Sexton, Michael Coory, Sailesh Kumar, Gordon Smith, Adrienne Gordon, Georgina Chambers, Gavin Pereira, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Lisa Hilder, Philippa Middleton, Anneka Bowman, Scott N. Lieske, Kara Warrilow, Jonathan Morris, David Ellwood and Vicki Flenady
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2020 4:21
  43. A systematic review of economic evaluations for lung cancer identified no economic models of the UK setting based on disease natural history. We first sought to develop a new model of natural history for popul...

    Authors: Edward Griffin, Chris Hyde, Linda Long, Jo Varley-Campbell, Helen Coelho, Sophie Robinson and Tristan Snowsill
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2020 4:20
  44. HIV/AIDS remains a leading cause of death worldwide. Recently, a model has been developed in Wenzhou, China, to predict the survival of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) who underwent antiretroviral therapy ...

    Authors: Junfeng Wang, Tanwei Yuan, Xuemei Ling, Quanmin Li, Xiaoping Tang, Weiping Cai, Huachun Zou and Linghua Li
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2020 4:19
  45. Premature mortality is an important population health indicator used to assess health system functioning and to identify areas in need of health system intervention. Predicting the future incidence of prematur...

    Authors: Laura C. Rosella, Meghan O’Neill, Stacey Fisher, Mackenzie Hurst, Lori Diemert, Kathy Kornas, Andy Hong and Douglas G. Manuel
    Citation: Diagnostic and Prognostic Research 2020 4:18

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